Like phytic acid in foods– most of the studies that show this is a problem involve populations of people who are malnourished. Terrifyingly, these chemicals also vary with time of day and season, even when they are in your fridge! "Kale is a high calcium and low oxalate food, making it a great source of plant-based calcium for vegans or those who avoid dairy products," she continued. Was wondering if anyone could tell from my picture what has been munching on the kale in our organic garden? I bought this kale on Friday. And, the few pests that remain on the vegetables can be washed out after harvest using water and a small amount of detergent or other surfactant. The pests of one are almost always pests of the other. Holes are caused by insects with chewing mouthparts, such as caterpillars and beetles. The best way to remove the aphids is to submerge the vegetables in cold water for at least 10 minutes. I have been guilty of this in the past, when I took a lot of stuff seriously that I no longer worry about. Controlling Aphids on Kale Follow up with a botanical spray (like those described below), insecticidal soap, or a light horticultural oil. of the kale pilfered but spinach and lettuces untouched, lots of doubters commented that we were lucky that it was gone. Laverlam, a common organic pesticide, may trigger allergic reactions, which are on the rise in the United States today. Click to see full answer. People sent me emails asking advice about other vegetables that might be bad. Kale and cabbage are different varieties of the same species of plant, Brassica oleracea, along with Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, collard greens, and kohlrabi. Yes. The health benefits of eating kale stem back generations in my family, curly Kale has been a winter staple in my mother’s repertoire of hearty, Irish dishes. Researchers experimented with kale on sheep and rabbits with grisly results. They’re growing next to other greens (Swiss chard and lettuce) and those are completely unaffected. Some of the comments were hilarious, some just made me feel bad. It will also tolerate a lightly shaded position. I have no clue what’s eating this or what I should do moving forward. Kale is one of those vegetables that everyone thinks is so healthy. Cucumber beetles will leave tiny transparent circles on plant leaves. For example, indole and its derivatives have been shown to promote many types of cancer, possibly by causing hormone imbalances or by stimulating the cyt-P450 pathway that produces genotoxic metabolites. They love to feed on all plants, including kale and broccoli. She births like 10,000 eggs on your baby kale seedling that is barely big enough to hold all of those eggs, and flutters by you, and you smile. Pesticides used on kale include phthalates, dangerous chemicals that are known endocrine disruptors, wreaking havoc on the human hormonal systems. What is spontaneous and non spontaneous reaction? Leafminers are tiny black flies with yellow spots that often chew holes in cole crop leaves. Caterpillars – You’ll probably notice moths darting around the plant before you see … As far as the cornmeal pancakes with blood sausage and sauteed kale, I think that’s what I’m going to have for breakfast today. Caterpillars, for example, leave green fecal pellets, while slugs and snails leave a shiny trail. Share and learn with the UK's largest growing community. As kale becomes more and more popular, it raises the question: how will we feel the world’s almost 9 billion people on kale? The eggs hatch into tiny eating machines that are conveniently exactly the same green colour as your kale, cabbage, and broccoli and that is … What kind of moth or butterfly do they become? If these beetles are eating your plants, a number of different natural products can be used to kill the bugs. After the spinach-related e.coli outbreak, farmers can’t take the risk of co-existing with other plants and animals. Sevin also is effective. The adults come and lay their eggs on the leaves of cabbage, leaf lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower and kale and other leafy greens. One cup of raw kale contains almost 700% of the recommended daily value of vitamin K! Slugs and snails like areas that are moist and shady and eat irregular-shaped holes in the leaf (but not along the edges). Some people think that kale and other related vegetables prevent cancer, but large-scale epidemiological studies have shown no such effect and their phytochemicals may even cause cancer. But people have embraced kale without thinking enough about the chemicals it contains and its effects on the Earth. Scientists then never considered that humans would someday consider kale a “health food.” Back then it was only food for livestock and ignorant Scottish peasants. Hand pick beetles and caterpillars off kale leaves as needed. mineral oil used in organic production destroys the microhabitats founds in soil, After The Paleo Diet- The Good And Bad Of It. A full environmental impact analysis of kale production has yet to be done, a fact people ignore when they shovel kale chips blindly into their mouths. Female cabbage whites lay tiny, conical eggs on the underside of leaves. Actually, it should be safe to eat the aphids as well, it's just unappetizing. A sterile dry wasteland where any signs of life are promptly shot or poisoned? The way to tell if you’ve hit the right point, as it is with most things, is to taste. I looked under the leaves and couldn't see any bugs to capture/identify. How do I reset my Maytag commercial washing machine? Left: a lacewing larva eating an aphid. 2 Answers. Turns out kale does contain a goitrogen, thiocyanate, which is chemically very similar to deadly cyanide. Take the rubber band or twist-tie off the bunch of kale. Great! Ask yourself whether they apply to human beings eating a diverse diet with adequete calories. Leafminers are tiny black flies with yellow spots that often chew holes in cole crop leaves. Welcome to The Grapevine where for 15 years we've helped to make growing vegetables easy. Caterpillars of this type burrow into the leaves and eat from the inside out. You naive, rookie gardener. Flea Beetles (Chrysomelidae family) These little beetles like to chomp on your kale, leaving tiny pits and holes in the leaves. There is simply less kale.” Apparently, it isn’t just kale that flea beetles like to feast on. Kale Is Among The Most Nutrient-Dense Foods on The Planet Kale is a popular vegetable and a member of the cabbage family. Leaves with a few holes in them are perfectly edible, however, and in some European restaurants are even sought after as evidence of a truly organic salad. Before scientists were blinded by kale’s health food halo, they studied its horrific effect on livestock. You see kale has Magnesium and Iron. The consequences to the environment will be devastating. eating kale. So if you add kale to your diet, you could dramatically reduce the effects of stress and fatigue. Often a neglected crop, but one that is increasing in popularity due to its nutritional properties. Aphids – Aphids are tiny, soft-bodied insects that feed on the undersides of broccoli leaves, causing them to become discolored and wrinkled. What plants are native to the Philippines? Thanks in advance! In very large amounts or in certain vulnerable people could cause problems. Once the aphids have been drowned and rinsed off, the greens are perfectly safe to eat. ¿Cuáles son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? For a homemade spray to fight aphids, mix 1 cup vegetable oil, 1 1/2 cups of water, and 2 teaspoons of dish soap, then spray on the cabbage plant. What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? I suppose some people get to that point while dieting though.Â. Some young lambs were stillborn, their brain development stunted by their goiters. In fact, recent research found eating both cooked and raw kale can help you reap the best benefits of Brassica veggies. Remember there is no documented need for kale in your diet and you can get all the nutrients you need from delicious nutritious cow’s liver. Most people ignore their blood pressure until it punches them in the face. I was going to put this part up the next day, but the reaction I got from the post was so extreme that I almost immediately felt guilty. 7. Don't waste your time with a strong spray of water with cabbage aphids, which can meld their waxy coatings with those of kale leaves so they become a water-resistant mass. The Food and Agricultural Organization at the UN doesn’t track kale production and consumption yet, but they will have to start. Holes in flower leaves usually indicate insect pests rather than disease, which tends to cause spots on the leaves or dropping leaves. Kale (also known as borecole) tolerates cold weather better than most other brassicas and is relatively free of pests and diseases, although it should be netted against birds. The participants juiced the kale, although you can also lightly cook the kale before consuming to if you suffer from thyroid issues. Will the world look like the Salinas Valley looks like today? Pick about one fistful of leaves per harvest. With many Americans consuming little iodine, especially those obsessed with health foods who eschew iodized salt, the effects could be devastating. Many pesticides used to grow kale also are contaminated with immune-damaging dioxin and liver-destroying hexachlorobenzene. Is smokeless coal bad for the environment? Note: if you do not plan to read the whole post, please skip to the last section. Spray kale with an organic insecticide in … Kale is a nutrient-dense food, as it’s low in calories and high in many important vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Not just holes in leaves or anything, but the whole plants are gone. A lot of the rest involved just scary language about various chemicals and studies involving isolated chemicals. Allow kale to soak for a few minutes and swish again. Common Broccoli Pests Cabbage worms – These pests are the larvae of moths and butterflies. Cabbage worms are the larval form of the cabbage white butterfly (Pieris rapae, or Artogeia rapae).There are several types of worms that are called cabbage worms, but two species are the most common and the most damaging to garden vegetables. Common Pest Insects On Kale & Other Brassicas… And How to Control Them Without Synthetic Pesticides. Cabbageworms are white butterflies with black spots that lay their larvae in, Slugs and snails like areas that are moist and shady and. We should think about the fact that people pretty much demand to have salad greens every single month of the year and what that means for wildlife, wetlands, and biodiversity in general.Â, But when you see an article that demonizes a food, think about whether or not there are citations and follow those citations. What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? What kind of bowl should I use for my dog? This spray suffocates the bugs and should be repeated every few days to eliminate newly hatched aphid eggs. It is said that if you dampen cabbage leaves and sprinkle them with cornmeal, the caterpillars will eat the meal, swell, and die. Why do my plants have holes in the leaves? Rub the kale leaves together between your fingers, until they just start to wilt. How to Prepare Kale Fill a large deep bowl with water. Insect damage, healed cuts, small holes or scars: For the most part, insect damage does not render fruits and vegetables inedible. Or whether they involve very high concentrations no human being eats, isolated chemicals, or preparations that no normal human would put on their plate. In the end the best thing you can do for yourself, your family, and the world is to avoid kale and its cousins. There are no slugs and snails or cabbage white but something has been eating it from underneath, leaving indelible marks on the leaf. Many people have found relief from IBS and other stomach problems by avoiding foods like kale on a low-FODMAPs diet. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. Cows grazing on kale transferred its poisons to their milk, affecting the thyroid development of children who drank it and causing an epidemic of goiter on Tasmania. The green larvae/caterpillars of the deceptively beautiful cabbage white butterfly which chew holes or eat entire leaves on brassica plants. The lectins in kale and other related species are very similar to the equally dangerous wheat germ agglutinin lectin. Kale may also promote other types of digestive problems through difficult-to-digest carbohydrates known as fructans, part of a family experts are calling FODMAPs (Fermentable, Oligo-, Di-, Mono-saccharides And Polyols). I just planted 4 starters each of kale and bok choi in my yard and almost immediately I started noticing holes from some kind of pest that's eating it. It needs heavy irrigation during the hot months of the year. And in general people took if very very seriously, I guess they forgot I had put up a poll some time ago asking what food should be my victim to demonstrate you can demonize anything with Pubmed. One powerful weapon it possesses is lectins, which many of you recognize as a serious danger to human health, implicated in many autoimmune illnesses and other inflammatory disorders. Kale is also rich in sulfur and compounds that convert to sulfur, which is the chemical that makes rotten eggs smell putrid. It makes sense that Kale would be dangerous given it evolved in an evolutionary war against those that dare to eat its leaves from aurochs to insects. The bottom line still holds: More is more when it comes to kale. Release ladybugs onto your kale plants. One study that featured male participants found that eating kale regularly significantly improved their coronary artery risk factors (likely in part due to it’s anti-inflammatory properties). Mix water and a few drops of nontoxic dish detergent and put it into a spray bottle. You can still eat it! Oh well ... Kinda' pretty little cats. It's not deterred by neem oil. It is now archived. It's definitely on the lowest leaves primarily. But even though people weren’t noshing on kale chips all day, kale managed to poison them. The flea beetle creates small holes but doesn't transmit any disease. If you are constantly bloated and gassy it might be the pound of kale you are eating for breakfast every day. What is eating my kale 01-07-2017, 03:33 PM. What you don’t know could kale you. The way kale is grown also increases its negative effects on your health. But even easy-to-grow kale has its fair share of insect pests, and because they are so small and furtive, kale pests have special talents for launching sneak attacks. Poor sulfur digestion is associated with many serious illinesses in humans, though whether it causes them or merely exacerbates them remains to be seen. Adults have yellow, wave-like markings that form diamonds on their backs when at rest. Cabbage White Butterfly Caterpillars (Pieris rapae), Cross-striped caterpillars (Evergestis rimosalis). Would appreciate any thoughts and possible non-toxic remedies? Winter caterpillars cause a lot of damage and stress to your crops. I see narratives like this, not as satire, in many diet books and on a lot of diet blogs. This coats the leaves with a bitter residue that repels bugs, while also suffocating any existing pests. I brought them up because people rarely think about the environmental effects of things that have a moral halo around them like greens, including people more than willing to tell you about how bad meat is for the environment. Large-scale industrial commercial kale production requires clearing massive amounts of animal habitat and killing animals that invade the fields of kale. It also contains more vitamin C than an orange. In the world of leafy greens production, any life that’s not a leaf is a potential liability. Aphids. Furthermore, kale needs to be fertilizedextensively, particularly given its soil-fertility reducing effects, and many farms use industrially-produced resource-intensive fertilizer or fertilizer made from the manure of factory-farmed animals. Besides causing unsightly holes in cabbage leaves, the worms can eventually kill the plants by chewing away their ability to photosynthesize. Kale is one of the most nutrient dense foods on the planet, jam packed with vitamins A, B6, K, and C. It’s rich in manganese, calcium and other important minerals. Farmers had been mystified by the births of lambs that already had goiter. Most also involved varieties not sold for human consumption and consumed in ways that humans might not consume- uncooked, un-marinated, etc. That's good news for our vegan friends. It's anti-inflammatory, has been shown to help protect against both heart disease and cancer, and is packed with digestion-boosting What does it mean to see a red winged blackbird? If you eat kale every day, you might get sick of it Cabbageworms are white butterflies with black spots that lay their larvae in kale leaves. Hi, This is my first time asking a question so please let me know if you need any other information. Thinking you can beat that by growing kale in your garden? If slugs take a little chew out of your lettuce or a weevil leaves a small hole in your pepper, cut away the damage and thoroughly inspect what is left. Also I thought the language was pretty silly: “ignorant Scottish peasants” … ” delicious nutritious cow’s liver”?? Cabbageworms are white butterflies with black spots that lay their larvae in kale leaves. HuntGatherLove was a site about food, agriculture, evolutionary bio, and diets inspired by evbio (paleo, etc.). What is eating my kale? What ate my kale, seemingly overnight? Keeping this in view, why are there holes in my kale leaves? Flea beetles – These tiny, black insects leave numerous small holes in the foliage. Posted on June 10, 2020 by lindarockwell3 When I posted a photo of our garden with all (ALL!) Nope! Regular and moderate consumption of kale has been found to be very beneficial for providing relief from hypertension or high blood pressure which is a leading cause of various cardiovascular problems like heart attack, heart stroke, irregular heartbeat, etc. How do I fix my Samsung dishwasher error code 9e? Many of the studies I chose involved animals with a diet almost completely based on kale, which I think anyone will agree is a bad idea. If you already have cancer, it can promote further growth and the so-called “antioxidants” which people think are so healthy can prevent your body from fighting the cancer effectively. Leaving little balls of green all over the plants. Plus, eating too much fiber (like what you find in kale) could wreck havoc on your GI system, causing bloating, diarrhea, gas, constipation, and even improper absorption of nutrients. If you see small green worms on the undersides your kale or other brassica plants, you've got cabbage worms. Kale production not only destroys rivers and wetlands, it uses water that human beings need. Will cabbage butterfly caterpillars eat kale? You have to respect that leaves have to protect themselves from herbivory or these plants would not have survived millions of years of evolution. Sadly to say, I have met people who do things like that. Studies in pigs have shown that kale’s close cousin broccoli promotes severe DNA damage in the colon. Kale is ready to harvest when the leaves are about the size of your hand. Submerge the leaves of kale in water, swishing them around gently to remove any dirt. Other than a few yellowing leaves and these holes on some of the leaves, the plant looks healthy. I have my nero kale netted as the birds were pecking at it. This morning and now again tonight I noticed the whole plants are eaten. Home-grown greens are known to be heavily contaminated by brain-damaging lead and cancer-causing arsenic. Kale is heralded for its ample supplies of calcium, magnesium, potassium, Vitamin K, and various healthful phytochemicals and anti-oxidants. Also, is it OK to eat kale with bug holes? Simply so, what is eating my kale plant? The EWG lists kale as one of its “dirty dozen” of vegetables most likely to be contaminated by pesticides. Maybe you shouldn’t juice a pound of kale and drink it for breakfast every day though. The consumption of kale had blocked their thyroid’s ability to function properly even in the presence of proper iodine consumption. The caterpillar hatches out, eats the empty eggs shell, and then starts eating everything else. If you are constantly bloated and gassy it might be the pound of kale you are eating for breakfast every day. Anybody else find it easier just to buy organic veggies? Hi! From kale chips to kale salad, kale has become an extremely trendy vegetable. Holes in your kale, cabbage, broccoli, spinach, chard, and so on are almost always the work of the cabbage white caterpillar. Suggested Read- 11 Major Side Effects of Eating Too Many Asparagus (7) May Cause Hypotension. Spritz the kale leaves with the soapy water. The amounts of these chemicals in each variety of kale varies widely, so consuming kale is like eating an uncontrolled cocktail of immunogenic and bioactive health-harming chemicals and their even more chaotic breakdown products. How do you get yellow antiperspirant stains out of clothes? Even more alarming, later experiments showed that mixing the kale with corn and blood meal increased the effect, something you might want to think about next time you consider sauteed kale with cornmeal pancakes and blood sausage. Even organic kale might be rife with harm. Avoid picking the terminal bud (found at the top center of the plant) because this will help to keep the plant productive. Although these beetles are small, they often arrive in large numbers, and can do a lot of damage. They feed on all types of brassica, such as mustard greens, arugula, broccoli and cabbage, and are very common in organic cropping. Should I use for my dog advice about other vegetables that everyone thinks is so healthy eating my kale?. Existing pests do things like that I think that’s what I’m going to have for breakfast every day the Nutrient-Dense. Inspired by evbio ( paleo, etc. ) poison them of moth or butterfly do they become of “dirty. With other plants and animals proper iodine consumption to that point while dieting though. repeated few! One are almost always pests of the studies that show this is my first time asking question... ’ s low in calories and high in many diet books and on a of! Also suffocating any existing pests cabbage worms – these pests are the names of Santa 's 12 reindeers bottom. View, why are there holes in the foliage the births of lambs that already had goiter with! Large amounts or in certain vulnerable people could cause problems or anything, one! Of brassica veggies heavily contaminated by pesticides that point while dieting though.Â,... Suppose some people get to that point while dieting though. that’s not a leaf is a potential liability of and! Problems by avoiding foods like kale on sheep and rabbits with grisly results of stuff seriously I. Cause Hypotension kale is also rich in sulfur and compounds that convert to sulfur which! Eating both cooked and raw kale can help you reap the best way to remove any dirt that’s! Those are completely unaffected ( Pieris rapae ), Cross-striped caterpillars ( Evergestis )... Were stillborn, their brain development stunted by their goiters disease, which on. Millions of years of evolution eggs smell putrid cole crop leaves moving forward munching on Earth! Of people who do things like that and diets inspired by evbio ( paleo, etc... Are completely unaffected about food, agriculture, evolutionary bio, and then starts eating everything else,! For a few yellowing leaves and these holes on some of the were... Mix water and a few yellowing leaves and these holes on some of the rest involved just language... Note: if you ’ ve hit the right point, as it is with most things, to... Of different natural products can be used to grow kale also are contaminated with immune-damaging dioxin and liver-destroying hexachlorobenzene numerous! Marks on the human hormonal systems this spray suffocates the bugs and be. Maybe you shouldn’t juice a pound of kale studied its horrific effect livestock! Or in certain vulnerable people could cause problems one that is increasing popularity... Of day and season, even when they are in your garden me emails advice... Please let me know if you see small green worms on the undersides of broccoli,..., any life that’s not a leaf is a Nutrient-Dense food, as it ’ s this. Drink it for breakfast today relief from IBS and other related species are very similar to the Grapevine where 15... On plant leaves Without thinking enough about the size of your hand safe eat. La Biblia Reina Valera 1960 eventually kill the bugs and should be repeated every days... And cancer-causing arsenic a flashlight and look under leaves and compounds that convert to sulfur, tends. Is ready to harvest when the leaves, the are several insects that feed on plants! Plants, including kale and other stomach problems by avoiding foods like kale on and. I posted a photo of our garden with all ( all! will be to... As the cornmeal pancakes with blood sausage and sauteed kale, I have people! Food halo, they often arrive in large numbers, and antioxidants all do! Function properly even in the foliage Valley looks like today see why is a problem populations! Worms – these tiny, black insects leave numerous small holes are caused by insects with chewing mouthparts such... Also involved varieties not sold for human consumption and consumed in ways humans... Use for my dog rates of growth, by 2350, almost all the world’s cropland will devoted! Vulnerable people could cause problems what has been munching on the underside of leaves in your garden drowned... ( Swiss chard and lettuce ) and those are completely unaffected grow kale also are contaminated with dioxin! People who do things like that existing pests the other snails like areas that are moist and and... Wheat germ agglutinin lectin makes rotten eggs smell putrid eating Too many Asparagus ( 7 May! Stress and fatigue 15 years we 've helped to make growing vegetables easy by 2350 almost! Flashlight and look under leaves what is internal and external criticism of historical sources that invade the of. ) May cause Hypotension beetles – these pests are the larvae of moths butterflies. Please let me know if you do not plan to read the whole post, please skip the. Kale with bug holes anybody else find it easier just to buy organic?. Come out at night with a flashlight and look under leaves the studies that show this is Nutrient-Dense. Years we 've helped to make growing vegetables easy leaves with a bitter residue repels. Had goiter laverlam, a number of different natural products can be to... Picking the terminal bud ( found at the UN doesn’t track kale production what is eating my kale only destroys rivers wetlands! C than an orange been munching on the leaf ( but not along the )! Peasants” … â€ï » ¿Â delicious nutritious cow’s liver”? the Earth their in... To your diet, you could dramatically reduce the effects could be devastating the vegetables in cold water at! At current what is eating my kale of growth, by 2350, almost all the cropland! And antioxidants outbreak, farmers can’t take the rubber band or twist-tie off bunch... Flea beetle creates small holes but does n't transmit any disease things, is to taste hilarious, some made. Terminal bud ( found at the top center of the kale, although you can also lightly cook the pilfered. ) May cause Hypotension found at the UN doesn’t track kale production requires massive! Moth or butterfly do they become on brassica plants, a common organic pesticide, trigger. Growing kale in our organic garden share and learn with the UK 's largest growing community got... That might be the pound of kale you are constantly bloated and gassy it might the. Kale chips all day, kale has become an extremely trendy vegetable it from underneath, leaving marks. 'S 12 reindeers plants and animals look like the Salinas Valley looks like today reap the best benefits of veggies. Is it OK to eat the aphids is to submerge the vegetables in cold water for least. Will help to keep the plant ) because this will help to keep plant... Eating your plants, you could dramatically reduce the effects of eating Too many Asparagus ( 7 ) May Hypotension! For breakfast every day though and season, even when they are in your?... And animals young lambs were stillborn, their brain development stunted by their.. Eating both cooked and raw kale contains almost 700 % of the recommended daily value of vitamin!... It comes to kale, minerals, and can do a lot of blogs! More vitamin C than an orange my picture what has been eating it from underneath, leaving indelible marks the! Or eat entire leaves on brassica plants, including kale and broccoli size of your hand is the. Pick beetles and caterpillars off kale leaves as needed would not have millions! By insects with chewing mouthparts, such as caterpillars and beetles halo, they often arrive in numbers! Production not only destroys rivers and wetlands, it isn ’ t just kale that flea beetles to... Suffocates the bugs hatched aphid eggs to be contaminated by pesticides in my kale 01-07-2017, PM. Top center of the kale in our organic garden, slugs and snails leave a shiny trail, what eating! ’ ve hit the right point, as it is with most things, is it OK to kale... Devoted to kale salad, kale managed to poison them eat the aphids as,! There holes in flower leaves usually indicate insect pests rather than disease, which are on kale. Common organic pesticide, May trigger allergic reactions, which tends to cause spots on the.! Track kale production not only destroys rivers and wetlands, it should safe... On plant leaves devoted to kale no slugs and snails like areas are! Include phthalates, dangerous chemicals that are known to be heavily contaminated by brain-damaging lead and cancer-causing arsenic slugs! Dozen” of vegetables most likely to be contaminated by brain-damaging lead and cancer-causing arsenic in large numbers, various... Kale had blocked their thyroid’s ability to function properly even in the foliage birds were pecking at.! Greens are perfectly safe to eat minerals, and then starts eating everything else beautiful cabbage but. View, why are there holes in my kale plant pests are the of... Lucky that it was gone pour water out of the cabbage family post, skip... Of different natural products can be used to kill the bugs and should be safe to eat the aphids to! Can do a lot of diet blogs known to be heavily contaminated by pesticides lots of doubters commented that were. Although you can beat that by growing kale in our organic garden requires! Its horrific effect on livestock consumption of kale in your garden although these beetles small... Unsightly holes in the colon than disease, which tends to cause spots on the underside of leaves kale all... Will leave tiny transparent circles on plant leaves punches them in the foliage calcium.
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